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Gluten Free Afghan Biscuits

Thick and puffy classic afghan biscuits with crunchy cornflake pieces are a Kiwi staple recipe, and these easy gluten-free afghan biscuits are so good that no one will miss the gluten!

A stack of five biscuits and a pale grey mug on a white tiled background, text overlay reads gluten free afghan biscuits.

It has always seemed a bit ridiculous to me that one of New Zealand’s most common baking-tin biscuit recipes is named after another country… and also that no one really knows why.

There’s speculation that Afghan biscuits are named after the first Anglo-Afghan war or because their texture is similar to the terrain and landscape of Afghanistan. But it seems like we will probably never know for sure.

What I do know for sure, is that they’re delicious and easy to make, so they deserve a place in any chocolate lover’s recipe book, and that shouldn’t change just because some of us need to make them gluten-free.

These gluten free Afghan biscuits are everything we love about traditional Afghan biscuits. They’re easy to make, rich and chocolatey, studded with crunchy cornflakes and smothered in a thick layer of chocolate icing.

I’ll take one and a cup of tea, thanks.

Top view of a pink plate of afghan biscuits and two cups of tea in grey mugs.

Gluten Free Afghan Biscuit Ingredients

The biscuit ingredients in bowls on a grey background with text overlay of the ingredient names.

Gluten-Free Flour – I use my homemade gluten-free flour blend for these biscuits.
Xanthan Gum – I don’t always use a binding gum in biscuit recipes but I do like a bit in these, as the cornflakes can make them a bit crumbly. If you’re using a premade flour that already has a gum ingredient (check the packet) then you won’t need to add the Xanthan gum.
Cocoa Powder – Use your favourite cocoa powder for these. I’m a big fan of Dutch-processed cocoa for the flavour and dark colour, but most Mums and Grandmas probably just used regular natural cocoa powder.
Butter – Use salted or unsalted, your choice. I usually use regular salted butter.
Brown Sugar + White Sugar – I like using a combination of sugars in these biscuits. The brown sugar gives them more flavour and holds in a little more moisture and the white sugar allows them to spread a little bit more and helps the edges get crunchy. For the white sugar you can use either regular granulated sugar or caster sugar. If you don’t have both brown sugar and white sugar, just use 150g of whichever you have.
Egg – Um, yep, just a large egg. Not much more to say on that.
Vanilla Extract – Any vanilla will do here. If you have vanilla extract, cool. Vanilla paste? Also cool.
Gluten-Free Cornflakes – This is probably the only ingredient that really needs a note attached to it – make sure you’re buying gluten-free cornflakes. Most regular cornflakes are not GF, they often contain barley for flavouring and barley contains gluten. So head to the gluten-free cereal section of your supermarket and grab a box of gluten-free cornflakes.
If you don’t have gf cornflakes, you could use some gluten free Weetbix instead – you’ll need around 5 Weetbix.
Walnuts – This one is controversial, to walnut or not to walnut? My thoughts – if you like em’ with a walnut on top, then put a walnut on top. Walnuts not for you? Allergic to nuts? Leave ’em out.

For the icing, you’ll also need icing sugar (check that it’s gluten free!), more cocoa, more butter and some hot water. If you like extra-shiny icing, you can add in a spoonful of corn syrup or liquid glucose. But only if you have them on hand and will use them for other things. I’m not sending you out to buy corn syrup just for this one recipe.

The icing ingredients in bowls on a grey background with text overlay of the ingredient names.

I haven’t tested these yet with substitutions for other allergies, but I think it would be pretty easy to substitute the butter for dairy-free butter, just make sure you choose one that says it’s suitable for baking. I’m not super familiar with egg substitutes, but if you give these a go with one, I’d love to know how you get on!

Making the Biscuits

Making gluten free Afghan biscuits is pretty standard as far as biscuit recipes go. I make these in my stand mixer because I have it and I have weak arms, but you can use a handheld beater, or even cream it by hand if you have the arm strength and willpower.

You’ll need to cream the butter, sugar and vanilla, and mix in the egg. Once that’s all combined you can go ahead and add in the cornflakes. You can crush them a little first if you want, but I find that mixing them in using the stand mixer crushes them up a bit and that’s enough for me. If you’re using a hand-held mixer you’ll need to stir the cornflakes in my hand. Your mixer won’t appreciate the cornflakes.

Collage of six images showing the different stages of mixing the biscuit dough ingredients.

Then you can portion out your biscuits and bake them. The number of biscuits you’ll get from this recipe depends on how big you make them. I like big ol’ bikkies so I made 12 biscuits using a 1/4 cup ice cream scoop. For smaller biscuits, you can use two spoons to dollop about a tablespoon of dough for each biscuit onto the tray, and you’ll get around 18 biscuits. If you want super round biscuits you may want to chill the dough a bit and then roll it into balls. I’m ok with a more rustic-looking Afghan though so dollops are all good here.

Once they’ve baked and cooled, you can spread over a nice thick layer of chocolate icing. And then eat ’em.

Afghan biscuits being iced with chocolate icing on a blue baking tray.

You can wait for the icing to set, but if your family is anything like mine, half of them will be gone before the icing even has time to think about setting. And there ain’t anything wrong with that.

More Gluten Free Biscuit Recipes You May Like…

Gluten Free Anzac Biscuits
Gluten Free Gingernut Biscuits
Gluten Free Peanut Brownies

Are you new to gluten-free baking?

Or just need some tips on how to make the most of the recipes on GFKF? Check out my start guide to learn how to bake safely and successfully gluten free.

Allergen safety ✔️ Gluten free flour info ✔️
Accurate measuring ✔️ Tools + Equipment ✔️

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A stack of gluten free Afghan biscuits and a pale grey mug on a white tiled background.

Gluten Free Afghan Biscuits

These gluten free Afghan biscuits are everything we love about traditional Afghan biscuits. Eeasy to make, rich and chocolatey, studded with crunchy cornflakes and smothered in a thick layer of chocolate icing.
5 from 18 votes
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Prep Time: 15 minutes
Cook Time: 12 minutes
Total Time: 27 minutes
Makes: 12 large biscuits


  • 200 g butter, softened
  • 75 g brown sugar
  • 75 g white sugar
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract or vanilla paste
  • 1 large egg, at room temperature
  • 250 g gluten free flour, see notes
  • 1 teaspoon xanthan gum, see notes
  • 50 g cocoa powder
  • 80 g gluten free cornflakes, (2 cups)

For the Icing

  • 300 g icing sugar
  • 25 g cocoa powder
  • 25 g butter, melted
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
  • 2-3 tablespoons water
  • 12 walnuts, to decorate, optional


  • Heat the oven to 180°C. Line two baking trays with non-stick baking paper.
  • Using a stand mixer or handheld electric mixer, beat the softened butter, brown sugar, white sugar and vanilla until creamy and lighter in colour. Scrape down the sides of the bowl, and then add in the egg and mix on low speed until combined.
  • Sift in the flour, xanthan gum and cocoa and mix slowly to combine. You can do this in two additions if you are using the mixer and don’t want to make a mess.
  • Mix in the cornflakes until well distributed. Make sure you stir right down to the bottom of the bowl.
  • Place dollops of dough onto the prepared trays, leaving space for a little spreading. For large biscuits, use approx. 1/4c of dough for each one. You will get 12 biscuits. If you want smaller biscuits, use heaped tablespoonfuls of dough. You’ll get around 18 biscuits.
  • Bake for 12-15 minutes, depending on the size of your biscuits. They should be just starting to darken at the edges. Allow to cool for 5 minutes on the trays, then carefully transfer to a cooling rack.
  • Once the biscuits have cooled, make the icing. Sift together the icing sugar and cocoa, then mix in the melted butter and a tablespoon of the water. Add the water a little at a time until the icing becomes a spreadable consistency. If you accidentally add too much water and the icing is too runny, add a bit more sifted icing sugar to thicken it. Spread onto the biscuits and allow them to set.
    Store the biscuits in an airtight container at room temperature.


Gluten Free Flour – I use my favourite gluten-free flour blend to make these biscuits, but you can use your own favourite GF flour. It is correct that there is no baking powder or soda in this recipe, Afghans don’t need it.
Xanthan Gum – If you’re using a pre-made gluten-free flour blend that contains a gum ingredient (usually listed as xanthan gum, guar gum or “thickener” in the ingredients on the packet) then you can omit the xanthan gum from this recipe
For extra shiny icing, you can add a tablespoon of corn syrup or liquid glucose when you add the water.
Serving: 1biscuit | Calories: 402kcal | Carbohydrates: 61g | Protein: 5g | Fat: 18g | Saturated Fat: 10g | Polyunsaturated Fat: 2g | Monounsaturated Fat: 5g | Trans Fat: 1g | Cholesterol: 54mg | Sodium: 149mg | Potassium: 136mg | Fiber: 5g | Sugar: 38g | Vitamin A: 508IU | Vitamin C: 0.03mg | Calcium: 34mg | Iron: 2mg

Nutritional Disclaimer: Any nutritional information provided is a computer generated estimate and is intended as a guide only.

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A stack of biscuits on a pink background, text overlay reads "gluten free Anzac biscuits, oat free, egg free".
Four stacked biscuits next to a glass of milk with a clear straw, text overlay reads "gluten free peanut brownies".
16 squares of slice on a grey-blue background, text reads "gluten free weetbix slice".
Three stacked slices of ginger crunch, with text overlay reading "gluten free ginger crunch".

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Recipe Rating


  1. 5 stars
    These were delicious! And easy to make. I’ve always struggled with gluten free recipes for bikkies but really liked these. Thanks!

  2. 5 stars
    This recipe was delicious! I tried a gluten free low FODMAP afghan recipe elsewhere before yours without success.
    But your recipe was delicious!
    I found that my second batch turned out better than the first – more moist. I think because it had time to rest before going in the oven. (I’ve heard that can help with gluten free flour blends).
    Will definitely be trying more of your recipes now. But just have to figure out which ones are low FODMAP. Would be amazing if you added that in to one’s that are.

    1. Hi Kelsie! Apologies for the delayed reply, I’ve been away.

      I’m so glad you enjoyed the afghan biscuits. Resting the dough can definitely help with retaining moisture, some gluten free flours and starches absorb moisture more slowly than wheat flour, so giving them more time before baking to absorb the moisture in the dough will definitely help them retain a bit more.

      Most of the recipes on GFKF so far are low FODMAP, off the top of my head I think the only one that isn’t are the muesli bars, but in the post I have suggested swaps for the high FODMAP ingredients in that recipe (honey and dried fruit). I’m currently trying to figure out the best way for people to search by other dietary concerns though (nut free, egg free etc.) as I know so many of us have multiple food intolerances or allergies. I did the low FODMAP diet a couple of years ago to figure out my no-go foods, so I know how tricky it can be to find safe recipes and substitutions.

  3. 5 stars
    Made up a half batch with Ogran fake egg and Ogran plain gluten free flour and Kelloggs corn flakes. Made 4 on the first day and the other 2 the second day, leaving the mix in the fridge overnight. I had some chocolate frosting mix left over from a packet cake so I just mixed some of that with water. I used walnuts I had soaked overnight to get rid of that bitey taste. Next time I’ll try adding a pinch of salt. These afgans were perfect. I love that you give the calculations for the half batch, especially since I would have made myself Ill had I made any more. As it is, I only have my partner’s word for how good they are when allowed to fully cool.

  4. 5 stars
    I recently found out I was GF last year it has been hard to find things that I can achually eat so I am really happy to find a website that has beutiful GF recipies that achaully taste good 🙂

  5. Hi there, are these supossed to spread in the oven? Mine did not spread at all and followed the recipe 100%, do they need to be pressed down first before popping in the oven to flatten them out a bit?

    1. Hi Katie, they usually do spread a bit in the oven, but few things can affect how much they spread – like the temperature of the dough when it goes in the oven, the oven temperature (some ovens run hot and set the dough before it has spread) and the type of gluten free flour used. If you want to make sure they spread a little more next time, then reducing the flour by 10-20 grams should help, and yes you can flatten them out a bit before they go in the oven 🙂

  6. 5 stars
    Made these Afghan biscuits today. Oh my – restored my faith in gf biscuits. Sooo good. Made as per recipe. Recipes with gram weights are always so much better. Thank you

    1. Hi Shelley! I’m so glad you enjoyed these, and that your faith in GF bikkies is restored! 🎉 Makes me so happy to hear that! And I’m glad you like the gram measurements, I know some people don’t but I think it’s so important to have accurate measurements, especially in gluten free baking 💜